Basic Rules Of Football

Football can be defined as a team sport where two teams face each other and try to kick a ball towards the goal of the opposing team. Interestingly, the term football refers to whichever type of football is played in that particular region. Each form of football has a certain code of rules to be followed. Here are some of the basic rules of soccer or football that are followed in the world’s most famous sport:

  • A football team is made up of 11 players, of which one is the goalie.
  • Two football teams of 11 players each play against each other in a football match.
  • A match usually lasts for two 45 minute halves. So the entire game is comprised of ninety minutes.
  • Players can use only their feet or their head or their chest to move the ball. However, the goalkeeper can use their hands to block the ball, but only within their marked goal area.
  • In order to score a goal, the ball can be kicked or headed towards the opposition team’s goalpost, which is the aim of this game at the end of the day.
  • In case the ball crosses or touches the side line, it is usually thrown back in by whichever team did not touch it last.
  • A central referee controls the game, they are supported by two linesmen as well. The referee awards free kicks as well as penalties according to the rules broken. If a particular player continues to break rules or use foul language on the field, the referee has the power to send them off.

Many football associations have been formed all over the world to help facilitate the playing of different teams against each other. This is a team sport that many counties have a lot invested in. Several popular football players have become world famous due to their football playing skills.

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Australian Football Rules

Australian football has been played since the 1840s and has its own set of rules. The Australian Football League has a huge presence in the country. It is a mix of football and a few Aussie rules.

In Australian football, you have to kick the ball between 4 goal posts. The points your team scores depend on which goal post the ball passes through. The ball is usually passed between the team players in order to attempt to score the highest points by the time the game is over.

The ball used in Australian football is similar to the one used in American rugby. It is kind of oval in shape and made from leather. Each football team is made up of 18 players. Each player is assigned a particular position, although they are free to move about on the pitch.

A few rules of Aussie football:

  • The decision by the umpires is final.
  • A game is made up of 4 twenty minute quarters.
  • Opponents can be tackled by players. However, they can only be tackled from the shoulder height downwards.
  • Players are not allowed to push back their opponents during running or tackling in the midst of the game.
  • Players can shepherd the other players away from the ball from within 5 metres of the ball.

A total of 7 umpires are present for Australian football. The three main umpires oversee all the decisions made on the field. The scoring system as seen above is slightly different from other forms of football. In Australian football, if the ball manages to pass through the two middle goal posts, 6 points are won. In case the ball passes through one goal post and one of the posts behind it, a single point is awarded. In case the ball is kicked over the scoring line by the opposing team, a point is again awarded. At the end of the day, the team with the highest number of points takes the trophy home.

A Few terms Used In Football

Football is a team sport that is played all over the world in different forms. However, they use common terms to mean the same things. Let’s take a look at some of the popular terms in relation to football and what they actually mean:

  • Advantage Rule

Every time a foul is detected, the referees do not have to stop the game. Sometimes the ball might be deliberately handled to bring it under control, but the players might end up deflecting it to an opponent. In cases like this the referee uses the advantage rule and allows the game to proceed.

  • Bicycle kick

When a player manages to kick the ball over his own head during the course of the game, it is called a bicycle kick. It needs t be executed by keeping one foot on the ground, making it a bit complicated to pull off.

  • The Box

The box refers to the penalty area. It is usually 16.5m by 5.5 m in size.

  • Clear

When the football is kicked or headed away from the goalpost, this term is used.

  • Dead ball

In case the play has stopped and the ball is not moving at the moment, it is said to be a dead ball. Free kicks and penalty kicks are usually taken using a dead ball.